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How is PE Film Made? Blown Film Process Explained

Views: 66     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-05-04      Origin: Site

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Polyethylene (PE) film is a widely used plastic material in various applications, such as packaging, agriculture, and construction. The production of PE film involves a process called the blown film extrusion process, which produces thin films of plastic with specific properties. In this article, we will explain the blown film process in detail, from the raw material to the finished product.

Polyethylene blown film

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Raw Materials

3. Extrusion Process

       1. Extruder

       2. Melt Filtration

       3. Die Assembly

       4. Bubble Cooling

       5. Winding

4. Types of Blown Film

       1. Monolayer Film

      2. Coextruded Film

5. Properties of PE Film

6. Applications of PE Film

7. Advantages of Blown Film Process

8. Conclusion

9. FAQs

Introduction

PE film is a thermoplastic polymer produced from ethylene gas through polymerization. PE film is a versatile material used in different forms such as sheets, bags, and films. The blown film process is the most common way of producing PE film, which involves extruding molten plastic through a circular die and inflating it into a bubble. The bubble is then cooled, collapsed, and wound onto a roll to produce a continuous film.

Raw Materials

The raw material used in the blown film process is polyethylene resin, which comes in different types such as low-density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), and high-density polyethylene (HDPE). The choice of resin depends on the desired properties of the film such as strength, flexibility, and transparency.

Extrusion Process

The blown film extrusion process consists of several steps, including extrusion, melt filtration, die assembly, bubble cooling, and winding.

Extruder

The first step involves feeding the resin pellets into an extruder, which melts and homogenizes the resin using heat and pressure. The molten resin is then forced through a screw and into the die assembly.

Melt Filtration

Before entering the die assembly, the molten resin undergoes a melt filtration process to remove any impurities and contaminants. This ensures that the final product is free from defects and has consistent quality.

Die Assembly

The die assembly is the heart of the blown film process. It is where the molten resin is shaped into a film. The die consists of an annular opening that shapes the molten plastic into a hollow tube. The diameter of the die opening determines the width of the film, while the thickness is controlled by adjusting the extrusion rate.

Bubble Cooling

As the tube of plastic emerges from the die, it is immediately inflated into a bubble using air pressure. The bubble is then cooled using chilled air or water, which solidifies the plastic and sets its final dimensions.

Winding

Once the film is cooled, it is collapsed into a flat sheet and wound onto a roll. The winding speed and tension are controlled to ensure that the film is wound neatly and without wrinkles.

Types of Blown Film

There are two main types of blown film: monolayer film and coextruded film.

Monolayer Film

Monolayer film is a single-layer film made from a single resin type. It is used in applications that require basic packaging, such as trash bags, grocery bags, and industrial films.

Coextruded Film

Coextruded film is a multilayer film made by extruding two or more layers of resin simultaneously. Each layer can have different properties, such as strength, barrier resistance, or transparency. Coextruded film is used in applications that require specific properties, such as food packaging, medical packaging, and agricultural films.

Properties of PE Film

PE film has several properties that make it suitable for different applications. These properties include:

Strength: PE film is strong and can resist punctures, tears, and impacts.

Flexibility: PE film is flexible and can be easily formed into different shapes and sizes.

Transparency: PE film can be transparent or opaque, depending on the application.

Barrier resistance: PE film can provide a barrier against moisture, gases, and UV light.

Heat resistance: PE film can withstand high temperatures without melting or degrading.

Chemical resistance: PE film is resistant to most chemicals, making it suitable for chemical packaging.

Applications of PE Film

PE film is used in various applications, such as:

Packaging: PE film is used to make bags, pouches, and wraps for food, consumer goods, and industrial products.

Agriculture: PE film is used for greenhouse covers, silage bags, and mulch films.

Construction: PE film is used as a moisture barrier, insulation, and vapor retarder in building materials.

Medical: PE film is used in medical packaging, such as surgical drapes, gowns, and gloves.

Textiles: PE film is used as a coating on fabrics to provide water resistance and durability.

Advantages of Blown Film Process

The blown film process has several advantages.

Cost-effective: The blown film process is a cost-effective way of producing large quantities of plastic film.

Versatile: The process can produce a wide range of film types with different properties and applications.

Continuous process: The process can produce a continuous film, which reduces waste and increases efficiency.

• Versatility: The blown film process can be used to create a wide range of plastic films with varying properties, such as thickness, strength, and transparency. This makes it a versatile manufacturing technique that can be used for various applications.

• Cost-effective: Compared to other manufacturing processes, such as cast film extrusion, the blown film process is generally less expensive, making it an attractive option for many businesses.

• Customizability: The blown film process allows for customization of the film's properties by adjusting the extrusion rate, die gap, and other process parameters. This means that manufacturers can create films tailored to their specific needs.

• Efficiency: The blown film process is a continuous process, which means that it can produce large volumes of film quickly and efficiently. This can be particularly beneficial for high-volume production runs.

• Consistency: The blown film process produces films with consistent properties, which helps ensure uniform product quality and reduces the likelihood of defects.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the blown film process is a versatile and cost-effective way of producing PE film for various applications. The process involves several steps, from the extrusion of the resin to the winding of the finished film. PE film has several properties that make it suitable for different applications, such as strength, flexibility, and barrier resistance. The process has its advantages and disadvantages, which should be considered when choosing a production method.

FAQs

1. What is PE film used for? PE film is used in various applications, such as packaging, agriculture, construction, medical, and textiles.

2. What is the difference between monolayer and coextruded film? Monolayer film is a single-layer film made from a single resin type, while coextruded film is a multilayer film made by extruding two or more layers of resin simultaneously.

3. What are the advantages of the blown film process? The blown film process is cost-effective, versatile, and can produce a continuous film.

4. What are the disadvantages of the blown film process? The blown film process is limited by film width, can produce thickness variations, and can have an environmental impact.

5. Is PE film recyclable? Yes, PE film is recyclable and can be recycled into new products such as bags and pipes.

6. How can I ensure the quality of my PE film? You can ensure the quality of your PE film by using high-quality resin, maintaining proper extrusion conditions, and performing regular quality checks during production.

7. Can the blown film process be automated? Yes, the blown film process can be automated using advanced equipment and control systems.

8. What are some common additives used in PE film? Common additives used in PE film include slip agents, antiblock agents, UV stabilizers, and colorants.

9. What is the difference between LDPE and HDPE film? LDPE film is more flexible and transparent, while HDPE film is more rigid and opaque. HDPE film is also more resistant to impact and punctures than LDPE film.

10. How can I recycle my PE film? PE film can be recycled by bringing it to a recycling center or using a curbside recycling program that accepts plastic film.

In summary, PE film is a versatile material that is widely used in various applications, including packaging, agriculture, construction, medical, and textiles. The blown film process is a cost-effective and versatile way of producing PE film with different properties and applications. By understanding the properties and production process of PE film, you can choose the right material for your specific application and ensure its quality and performance.


Kaide New Material, Polyethylene Film Manufacturers In China

Kaide New Material is a prominent Chinese manufacturer and supplier that specializes in producing top-notch polyethylene film products. With over 8 years of experience in the industry, the company has established a reputation for producing innovative and reliable film solutions for a wide range of applications, including packaging, agriculture, construction, and more.


Our polyethylene films are made using advanced manufacturing processes and high-quality raw materials, ensuring superior performance, durability, and versatility. From standard films to custom-made products, Kaide New Material offers a comprehensive range of polyethylene films to meet the needs of various industries and applications.


The company is committed to providing excellent customer service, competitive pricing, and timely delivery, making them a trusted partner for businesses looking for reliable and cost-effective film solutions. With a strong focus on quality and innovation, Kaide New Material is a leading player in the polyethylene film industry, serving customers across China and around the world.